Information technology, from software applications to high-parallel computers, networks, and mass storage, has transformed the life sciences in the last decade. In this research field a high number of applications exists, not only in medicine, but also in development of new foods et cetera. The high effort made life sciences to one of the biggest growing market in the world. A high number of interdisciplinary networks have been building and the established structures created many synergies between research labs.

The defnition of a model is as following: a model is an abstract and simplifed picture of a reality in the world. From this defnition it can be derived that each biomedical model is an approximation of an organism, organ, tissue, or cell. The reason for the need of models is, that the originals are much too complex to be described and understood completely.